Consider your kitchen or bathroom. Does it have a tap? We take running hot and cold water for granted. I have always had it, although I have lived in places where the water that came out of that tap wasn’t safe to drink, and had to be boiled and filtered.
But there are still plenty of places where you can see the infrastructure for water-carrying. In France there were villages like this well into the 1960s! This is a picture of a public water tap. It stands on a street in Pouzols-Minervois, a very small village. I am certain the village has running water and sewer. But this thing is still here. You can still set your bucket at the base and fill her up, although according to the sign the water’s not potable.
Another popular possibility is public fountains. This one on the central massif is also not for drinking, but you can see the grate where you set the bucket and the running water fills it. I’m certain that the sign was put up by lawyers worried about municipal liability. The citizens probably drank from this fountain for several hundred years.
Here’s a larger example, from the medieval city of Sarlat-la-Canéda. This fountain has surely been heavily restored, just like the rest of this highly-picturesque town center. The fence is surely very recent, put in to keep the kids from falling in. But as you can see it offers four-spigot service. The larger arched space behind shelters the pool that feeds the four spouts. This must have been the most popular place for gossip and socializing in the 14th century.
Finally, here’s a picture of a public tap that is indeed potable. It’s in Hautpoul, a town on a crag that’s popular with tourists. This tap has been set up for the convenience of bicyclists and hikers. No grate for buckets here, this thing is for water bottles and canteens.